The Luftwaffe was the name for the German airforce during World War II. During the Battle of Britain, the Luftwaffe caused severe damage to the Royal Air and major British cities, however it did not achieve the air superiority that was required to prepare for a planned German invasion.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka is a German dive bomber from the Second World War. The Stuka was easily recognizable by its gull wings and its “Jericho Trumpet” wailing siren. Although very effective, the Stuka was vulnerable to attack by Spitfires and Hurricanes during the Battle of Britain.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109, often called Me 109, was the main German World War II fighter. The Me 109 was widely used in the battle of Britain and was the most produced fighter plane in history, with a total of 33,984 units made from 1936 up to April 1945.
The Battle of Britain is the name given to the Second World War air campaign waged by the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) against the United Kingdom during the summer and autumn of 1940. The name derives from a famous speech delivered by Prime Minister Winston Churchill in the House of Commons: “…the Battle of France is over. I expect that the Battle of Britain is about to begin.”
The White Cliffs of Dover are cliffs which are part of the English coastline facing France. The cliffs are over 100 metres high and are composed partly of white chalk. The cliffs have great symbolic value because they face towards Continental Europe across the narrowest part of the English Channel, where invasions have historically threatened.
RAF Fighter Command was formed in 1936 to control the deployment of fighter planes. It served throughout the Second World War and earned great fame during the Battle of Britain, when it was said “the Few” held off the Luftwaffe attack on Britain and ultimately helped win the war.
The ‘Supermarine’ Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter plane that was used by the Royal Air Force throughout the Second World War. The Spitfire was designed by R. J. Mitchell, and incorporated a powerful Rolls Royce Merlin engine. During the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire was widely used, although the more numerous Hawker Hurricanes are acknowledged to have been the more influential plane.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter plane that was designed and built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. Although largely overshadowed by the Supermarine Spitfire, the aircraft became renowned during the Battle of Britain, accounting for 60% of the RAF’s air victories in the battle. More than 14,000 Hurricanes were built during the second world war.